Shin splints is a common complaint, especially among participants of running sports. The term ‘shin splints’ is colloquially used to describe shin pain along the inside or front edges of the shin.
There are two regions where you can suffer shin splints:
What Causes Shin Splints?
Shin splints are caused by overstraining of your muscles where they attach to your shin.
The most common cause is overuse or overtraining associated with poor foot and leg biomechanics. Shin splints can be caused by a number of factors which are mainly biomechanical (abnormal movement patterns) and errors in training.
Here are some of the most common causes:
- Overpronation of your feet
- Oversupination of your feet
- Inappropriate footwear
- Increasing your training too quickly
- Running on hard or angled surfaces
- Decreased flexibility at your ankle joint
- Poor knee flexion alignment
- Poor buttock control at in the stance phase
- Poor core stability
- Tight calf muscles, hamstrings
- Weak quadriceps, foot arch muscles
TREATMENT OF SHIN SPLINTS:
Normalise Foot Biomechanics
Shin splints commonly occur from poor foot biomechanics eg flat foot.
In order to prevent a recurrence, your foot will be assessed. In some instances you may require a foot orthotic (shoe insert) or you may be a candidate for the Active Foot Posture Stabilization program.
Your physiotherapist will happily discuss the pros and cons of both options to you.
Restore Muscle Strength
Your calf and shin muscles will need to strengthened to enable a safe resumption of sport or training